Big Data Management

You are here

Credits
6
Types
Compulsory
Requirements
This subject has not requirements, but it has got previous capacities
Department
ESSI
The main goal of this course is to analyze the technological and engineering needs of Big Data Management. The enabling technology for such a challenge is cloud services, which provide the elasticity needed to properly scale the infrastructure as the needs of the company grow. Thus, students will learn advanced data management techniques (i.e., NOSQL solutions) that also scale with the infrastructure. Being Big Data Management the evolution of Data Warehousing, such knowledge (see the corresponding subject in Data Science speciality for more details on its contents) is assumed in this course , which will specifically focus on the management of data Volume and Velocity.

On the one hand, to deal with high volumes of data, we will see how a distributed file system can scale to as many machines as necessary. Then, we will study different physical structures we can use to store our data in it. Such structures can be in the form of a file format at the operating system level, or at a higher level of abstraction. In the latter case, they take the form of either sets of key-value pairs, collections of semi-structured documents or column-wise stored tables. We will see that, independently of the kind of storage we choose, current highly parallelizable processing systems using funtional programming principles (typically based on Map and Reduce functions), whose processing framework can rely on temporal files (like Hadoop MapReduce) or mainly in-memory structures (like Spark).

On the other hand, to deal with high velocity of data, we need some low latency system which processes either streams or micro-batches. However, nowadays, data production is already beyond processing technologies capacity. More data is being generated than we can store or even process on the fly. Thus, we will recognize the need of (a) some techniques to select subsets of data (i.e., filter out or sample), (b) summarize them maximizing the valuable information retained, and (c) simplify our algorithms to reduce their computational complexity (i.e., doing one single pass over the data) and provide an approximate answer.

Finally, the complexity of a Big Data project (combining all the necessary tools in a collaborative ecosystem), which typically involves several people with different backgrounds, requires the definition of a high level architecture that abstracts technological difficulties and focuses on functionalities provided and interactions between modules. Therefore, we will also analyse different software architectures for Big Data.

Teachers

Person in charge

  • Alberto Abello Gamazo ( )

Others

  • Sergi Nadal Francesch ( )

Weekly hours

Theory
1.9
Problems
0
Laboratory
1.9
Guided learning
0
Autonomous learning
96

Competences

Transversal Competences

Teamwork

  • CT3 - Ability to work as a member of an interdisciplinary team, as a normal member or performing direction tasks, in order to develop projects with pragmatism and sense of responsibility, making commitments taking into account the available resources.

Third language

  • CT5 - Achieving a level of spoken and written proficiency in a foreign language, preferably English, that meets the needs of the profession and the labour market.

Entrepreneurship and innovation

  • CT1 - Know and understand the organization of a company and the sciences that govern its activity; have the ability to understand labor standards and the relationships between planning, industrial and commercial strategies, quality and profit. Being aware of and understanding the mechanisms on which scientific research is based, as well as the mechanisms and instruments for transferring results among socio-economic agents involved in research, development and innovation processes.

Basic

  • CB6 - Ability to apply the acquired knowledge and capacity for solving problems in new or unknown environments within broader (or multidisciplinary) contexts related to their area of study.
  • CB7 - Ability to integrate knowledge and handle the complexity of making judgments based on information which, being incomplete or limited, includes considerations on social and ethical responsibilities linked to the application of their knowledge and judgments.
  • CB8 - Capability to communicate their conclusions, and the knowledge and rationale underpinning these, to both skilled and unskilled public in a clear and unambiguous way.
  • CB9 - Possession of the learning skills that enable the students to continue studying in a way that will be mainly self-directed or autonomous.
  • CB10 - Possess and understand knowledge that provides a basis or opportunity to be original in the development and/or application of ideas, often in a research context.

Generic Technical Competences

Generic

  • CG1 - Identify and apply the most appropriate data management methods and processes to manage the data life cycle, considering both structured and unstructured data
  • CG3 - Define, design and implement complex systems that cover all phases in data science projects

Technical Competences

Especifics

  • CE2 - Apply the fundamentals of data management and processing to a data science problem
  • CE4 - Apply scalable storage and parallel data processing methods, including data streams, once the most appropriate methods for a data science problem have been identified
  • CE5 - Model, design, and implement complex data systems, including data visualization
  • CE12 - Apply data science in multidisciplinary projects to solve problems in new or poorly explored domains from a data science perspective that are economically viable, socially acceptable, and in accordance with current legislation
  • CE13 - Identify the main threats related to ethics and data privacy in a data science project (both in terms of data management and analysis) and develop and implement appropriate measures to mitigate these threats

Objectives

  1. Understand the main advanced methods of data management and design and implement non-relational database managers, with special emphasis on distributed systems.
    Related competences: CT3, CT5, CG1, CG3, CE2, CE4, CE5, CB6, CB7, CB8, CB9, CB10,
  2. Understand, design, explain and carry out parallel information processing in massively distributed systems.
    Related competences: CT3, CT5, CG1, CG3, CE2, CE4, CE5, CB6, CB7, CB8, CB9, CB10,
  3. Manage and process a continuous flow of data.
    Related competences: CT3, CT5, CG1, CG3, CE2, CE4, CE5, CB6, CB7, CB8, CB9, CB10,
  4. Design, implement and maintain system architectures that manage the data life cycle in analytical environments.
    Related competences: CT3, CT5, CT1, CG1, CG3, CE2, CE4, CE5, CE12, CE13, CB6, CB7, CB8, CB9, CB10,

Contents

  1. Introduction
    Big Data, Cloud Computing, Scalability
  2. Big Data Design
    Polyglot systems; Schemaless databases; Key-value stores; Wide-column stores; Document-stores
  3. Distributed Data Management
    Transparency layers; Distributed file systems; File formats; Fragmentation; Replication and synchronization; Sharding; Distributed hash; LSM-Trees
  4. In-memory Data Management
    NUMA architectures; Columnar storage; Late reconstruction; Light-weight compression
  5. Distributed Data Processing
    Distributed Query Processing; Sequential access; Pipelining; Parallelism; Synchronization barriers; Multitenancy; MapReduce; Resilient Distributed Datasets; Spark
  6. Stream management and processing
    One-pass algorithms; Sliding window; Stream to relation operations; Micro-batching; Sampling; Filtering; Sketching
  7. Big Data Architectures
    Centralized and Distributed functional architectures of relational systems; Lambda architecture

Activities

Activity Evaluation act


Theoretical lectures

In these activities, the lecturer will introduce the main theoretical concepts of the subject. The active participation of the students will be required.
Objectives: 2 1 3 4
Contents:
Theory
25h
Problems
0h
Laboratory
0h
Guided learning
0h
Autonomous learning
25h

Theory
2h
Problems
0h
Laboratory
0h
Guided learning
0h
Autonomous learning
17h

Theory
0h
Problems
0h
Laboratory
27h
Guided learning
0h
Autonomous learning
54h

Teaching methodology

The course comprises theory, and lab sessions.

Theory: Inverted class techniques will be used, which require that the student works on the provided multimedia materials before the class. Then, theory lectures comprise the teacher's complementary explanations and problem solving.

Lab: There will be a project done in teams where students will put into practice the kinds of tools studied during the course. This will be evaluated in two deliverables and individual tests.

Evaluation methodology

Final Mark = min(10 ; 60%E + 40%L + 10%P)

L = Weighted average of the marks of the lab deliverables and tests
E = Final exam
P = Participation in the class

Bibliography

Basic:

Complementary:

Web links

Previous capacities

Being Big Data Management the evolution of Data Warehousing, such knowledge is assumed in this course. Thus, general knowledge is expected on: Relational database desing; Database management system architecture; ETL and OLAP

Specifically, knowledge is expected on:
- Multidimensional modeling (i.e, star schemas)
- Querying relational databases
- Physical design of relational tables (i.e., partitioning)
- Hash and B-tree indexing
- External sorting algorithms (i.e., merge-sort)
- ACID transactions

Addendum

Contents

El contingut de l'assignatura no canviarà. The content of the subject will not change.

Teaching methodology

Les explicacions complementàries del professor, resolució de problemes i tutories de projecte es faran de forma remota. Teacher's complementary explanations, problem solving, and project tutoring will be done remotely.

Evaluation methodology

El métode d'avaluació no canviarà. Evaluation method will not change.

Contingency plan

La realització d'exercicis, discussions i resolució de dubtes es farà de forma remota. Exercises, discussions and doubt resolution will be moved to remote.