The account that you see on a PC will be the same for both Windows and Linux. This account corresponds to the disk space that you have on the PC network server. While on Windows you can just access this space at the F: drive, on Linux you will have the directory $HOME.
The home directory of the Linux session is where the usual Unix configuration files are created and saved (.login, .emacs…) When you open a new session you will be in this directory and you may access the rest of your account by moving upwards in the directory tree (cd ..). Do not remove this directory or you will have problemas accessing Linux!
Due to the limitations of the SMB protocol (the one Windows uses to communicate with the file server) the file system where you see your account does not behave the same way other Unix system would.
More specifically, in your account you will not be able to use the chmod or chown commands or make symbolic links.
Remember that, even though you are accessing your account from Linux, the space you can use is limited. You can check your quota with the quota command. If you need temporary space you can use the directory /tmp during your current session, but its content will disappear when you reboot the PC.
To change your password you must use the option 'Canviar Password', in the Racó. Remember that the inLab FIB servers work with a single sign-on, which means that in the Racó you will change your password for all the machines you have access to.
Floppy disks can be accessed under the directory /media/floppy.
When using floppy disks under Linux, you must be very careful to work with them properly because otherwise you may damage them. The correct way to access the floppy disk drive is:
To access CD-ROMs (on the computers that have a CD-ROM drive), you will have to mount them with the command mount /media/cdrom and they will be accessible using the directory /media/cdrom. In order to remove them, you must unmount them with the command umount /media/cdrom.
USB devices can be mounted with the command mount /media/usb. It is important not to remove these devices from the USB port while they are in use. To unmount them, use the command umount /media/usb.
For security reasons no telnet or ftp connections can be made between the PCs in the classrooms.
If you want to access the inLab FIB Unix servers, make sure you DO NOT use telnet.
Instead of telnet use the command ssh (Secure Shell), which has many advantages, including encryption of network traffic (and therefore your password) and transparent configuration of the X environment of the new session.
The basic syntax of SSH is:
> ssh server -l username
As you would know, the text format is different between these two systems. You can change from one format to the other with the commands dos2unix, unix2dos, unix2win and win2unix.The Linux vi editor automatically distinguishes between these two formats.
The differences are:
You can access the same printers that are available on the other systems. In order to use them, follow the instructions on printing under Unix.
The Linux system currently installed has the kde window manager.